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Portugal’s position in the international and European context: goals

Digital competences characterisation

The Portugal INCoDe.2030 Initiative is framed in the international context and aims to improve Portugal’s position and competitiveness, working towards securing a prominent place in terms of digital skills in the period 2017-2030.

This movement, which the Portugal INCoDe.2030 Initiative aims to materialise, should be accompanied by stronger participation in international scientific and technological collaboration networks, primarily in Europe and North America (to safeguard Portugal’s Atlantic specificities within the EU), in the Portuguese-speaking countries and in the Mediterranean countries of North Africa, and in the most relevant international fora dealing with transformation to the digital society and economy, particularly in the EU, OECD and UN, in order to achieve increased visibility, and contribute to opening new markets and attracting talents to Portugal in these areas.

Portugal’s current position in Europe, the challenges to be addressed, the quantification of the measures taken and the results achieved over time as a result of this programme can be understood through a set of indicators grouped into 5 categories: access, human capital, use, investment, and training and certification (Figure 2).

Figure 2 – Digital Competences Indicators

ACCESS

% of households with internet access (2016)

National Evolution
200220102016
155474
Expected Evolution
202020252030
8090100
European Comparison
PTEUSpainIrelandCzechEstoniaFinland
74858287828692

% of individuals who have never used the internet (2016)

National Evolution
200220102016
634626
Expected Evolution
202020252030
20105
European Comparison
PTEUSpainIrelandCzechEstoniaFinland
2614171513104

% of individuals who frequently use the internet (2016)

National Evolution
200220102016
273860
Expected Evolution
202020252030
708090
European Comparison
PTEUSpainIrelandCzechEstoniaFinland
60716770657785

HUMAN CAPITAL

% of individuals with basic or better-than-basic digital competences

National Evolution
200220102016
--47
Expected Evolution
202020252030
556580
European Comparison
PTEUSpainIrelandCzechEstoniaFinland
47565444536173

% of ICT specialists in employment (2015)

National Evolution
200220102016
1.41.52.3
Expected Evolution
202020252030
358
European Comparison
PTEUSpainIrelandCzechEstoniaFinland
2.33.52.43.73.74.46.5

Number of higher education graduates in Science, Mathematics, Technology and Engineering per thousand inhabitants (20-29 years old)

National Evolution
200220102016
2120.4-
Expected Evolution
202020252030
222325
European Comparison
PTEUSpainIrelandCzechEstoniaFinland
20.418.720.724.716.615.521.9

No. of doctorates per thousand inhabitants (25-34 years old)(2014)

National Evolution
200220102016
4.74.84.5
Expected Evolution
202020252030
567
European Comparison
PTEUSpainIrelandCzechEstoniaFinland
4.5-4.9---7.4

USE

% of employees who use computers with an internet connection at work (2016)

National Evolution
200220102016
323536
Expected Evolution
202020252030
406080
European Comparison
PTEUSpainIrelandCzechEstoniaFinland
36505052374470

% of SMEs with a high level of digital intensity (2015)

National Evolution
200220102016
--17.7
Expected Evolution
202020252030
203040
European Comparison
PTEUSpainIrelandCzechEstoniaFinland
17.720.325.323.419.720.835.5

% of individuals who have used the internet for online banking (last 3 months)

National Evolution
200220102016
81929
Expected Evolution
202020252030
406090
European Comparison
PTEUSpainIrelandCzechEstoniaFinland
29494352517986

% of individuals who have used the internet to use online public services (last 12 months) (2016)

National Evolution
200220102016
192645
Expected Evolution
202020252030
607590
European Comparison
PTEUSpainIrelandCzechEstoniaFinland
45485052367782

INVESTMENT

Total gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) in percentage of GDP (2015)

National Evolution
200220102016
0.71.531.28
Expected Evolution
202020252030
1.622.6
European Comparison
PTEUSpainIrelandCzechEstoniaFinland
1.282.031.2201.951.52.9

Business enterprise sector expenditure on R&D (BERD) in percentage of GDP (2015)

National Evolution
200220102016
0.290.70.6
Expected Evolution
202020252030
11.52
European Comparison
PTEUSpainIrelandCzechEstoniaFinland
0.61.30.6401.060.691.94

Digital competences goals for Portugal 2030

Training and Certification

In terms of access, the goal is to evaluate the situation of the infrastructure in place for accessing the internet. Even though the existence of access conditions does not mean they are being used effectively, this programme is geared towards stimulating the development of digital competences.

In the area of human capital, the population’s digital competences are assessed both globally and in terms of the impact on employability. Here, indirect indicators that are relevant to the programme are also taken into account, such as the number of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) graduates, and the number of PhDs.

The use category describes how the Portuguese population uses digital tools in their personal life and at work.

The investment category analyses the total expenditure of companies on R&D, which is so relevant to principles 4 and 5 of the programme. Although they are context indicators, they are key to describing the overall picture of qualification.

Finally, regarding training and certification, a set of five indicators of a slightly different nature are considered. This is because, even though they are linked to human potential, they do not measure the present state of qualifications, but rather the effectiveness of the measures taken to improve them in several areas of digital competences.

The selected indicators are defined internationally. As a result, it is possible to compare Portugal’s performance against a set of countries in Europe and the OECD and set goals to achieve (Table 1).

Figure1. Digital Goals for Portugal

Figure 1.1: ACCESS Goals

% of households with internet access

Relatively low compared to other countries. However, developments have been significant.
GOALS
202020252030
80%90%≈100%

% of individuals who have never used the internet

This indicator is particularly negative for Portugal, even though considerable progress has been made. This is one of the indicators that deserve more attention and effort.
GOALS
202020252030
20%10%5%

% of individuals who frequently use the internet

Portugal already has reasonable values, but still way lower the more developed countries.
GOALS
202020252030
70%80%90%

Figure 1.2: HUMAN CAPITAL Goals

% of individuals with basic or better-than-basic digital skills

Portugal currently sits above Ireland, but the comparison may be affected by difficulties in confronting levels of education. Spain is much better, but the difference with Finland is still significant.
GOALS
202020252030
55%65%80%

% of ICT specialists in employment

Only the comparison with Spain is not very unfavourable.
GOALS
202020252030
3%5%8%

People with Higher Education STEM Diplomas per thousand inhabitants (20-29 years old)

Portugal compares favourably to more developed countries. However, this indicator could be improved.
GOALS
202020252030
222325

New PhDs per thousand inhabitants (25-34 years old)

This indicator compares favourably to other countries. However, disinvestment in recent years has lowered the indicator, which is why it is important to recover the previous effort.
GOALS
202020252030
567
Competencias

Figure 1.3: USE Goals

% of employees who use computers with an internet connection at work

The situation in Portugal is significantly worse than that of the countries it is compared to, and progress has been very slow.
GOALS
202020252030
40%60%80%

% of SMEs with a high level of digital intensity

Portugal is significantly below most other countries.
GOALS
202020252030
20%30%40%

% of individuals who have used the internet for onlinebanking (last 3 months)

Despite some progress, Portugal is still poorly positioned, with almost three times fewer people in this category than Finland, and far below countries like Ireland or the Czech Republic.
GOALS
202020252030
40%60%90%

% of individuals who have used the internet to access online public services (last 12 months)

Only Estonia and Finland are significantly better than Portugal. However, it makes sense to further strengthen Portugal’s lead in Europe.
GOALS
202020252030
60%75%90%

Figure 1.4: INVESTMENT Goals

Total gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) in percentage of GDP

The recent drop in this indicator is worrying and it is essential to resume the earlier pace of growth.
GOALS
202020252030
1.6%2%2.6%

Business enterprise sector expenditure on R&D (BERD) in percentage of GDP

This indicator also shows a setback in recent years that needs to be recovered.
GOALS
202020252030
1%1.5%2%

Figure 1.5: TRAINING AND CERTIFICATION Goals

Qualifying training for unemployed young people and adults

This indicator is measured by the number of people receiving accredited, validated, and certified ICT training in Qualification Centres
GOALS
202020252030
a definir--

Professional retraining of staff with a higher education in low employability and high unemployment areas

This indicator measures the number of unemployed trainees with a higher education, who are receiving modular, Working Life, or another type of training in the area of ICT
GOALS
202020252030
18000--

Available digital literacy training, associated to fighting info-exclusion, aimed at both employed and unemployed people

This indicator measures the number of people receiving training in Basic Competences, Vida Ativa Qualifica+ and Modular Training modalities as part of the effort against info-exclusion
GOALS
202020252030
50000--

Pedagogical skills of ICT teachers, with a view to strengthening their digital skills and mobilising digital teaching resources

This indicator measures the number of ICT teachers and trainers, including distance learning
GOALS
202020252030
2000--

Industry-recognised certification of senior and intermediate staff in the field of ICT skills

This indicator measures the number of certifications obtained, in particular, from Microsoft, CISCO, SAMSUNG and others.
GOALS
202020252030
10000--