Governo de PortugalPrograma Nacional de Reformas

National Coalition


The place of Portugal in the European context: goals

INCoDe.2030 is set in the international context and aims to improve Portugal’s position and competitiveness, working towards securing a prominent place in terms of digital competences in the 2017- 2030 period, through a set of actions and initiatives, namely a stronger participation in international scientific and technological networks, primarily in Europe and North America, but also with the Portuguese speaking countries and the Mediterranean nations of North Africa. Portugal must have a strong presence in the most relevant international arenas dealing with the shift to the digital society and economy, particularly in the EU, OECD and UN, in order to achieve increased visibility, and contribute to opening new markets, attracting talents to Portugal.

Portugal’s current position in Europe, the challenges to be addressed, appraisal of the measures taken and the results achieved over time through this programme can be understood through a set of indicators divided into 5 categories: access, human potential, use, investment, and training and certification.



% of households with internet access
Relatively low compared to other countries. However, developments have been significant.
2020 2025 2030
80% 90% ≈100%
% of individuals who have never used the internet
This indicator is particularly negative for Portugal, even though considerable progress has been made. This is one of the indicators that deserve more attention and effort.
2020 2025 2030
20% 10% 5%
% of individuals who frequently use the internet
Portugal already has reasonable values, but still way lower the more developed countries.
2020 2025 2030
70% 80% 90%
N.º of SMEs in commerce and services with online presence
2020 2025 2030
.+50.000 - -




% of individuals with basic or better-than-basic digital skills
Portugal currently sits above Ireland, but the comparison may be affected by difficulties in confronting levels of education. Spain is much better, but the difference with Finland is still significant.
2020 2025 2030
55% 65% 80%
% of ICT specialists in employment
Only the comparison with Spain is not very unfavourable.
2020 2025 2030
3% 5% 8%
Number of higher education graduates in STEM per thousand inhabitants (20-29 years old)
Portugal compares favourably to more developed countries. However, this indicator could be improved.
2020 2025 2030
22 23 25



% of employees who use computers with an internet connection at work
The situation in Portugal is significantly worse than that of the countries it is compared to, and progress has been very slow.
2020 2025 2030
40% 60% 80%
% of SMEs with a high level of digital intensity
Portugal is significantly below most other countries.
2020 2025 2030
20% 30% 40%
% of individuals who have used the internet to access electronic banking (last 3 months)
Despite some progress, Portugal is still poorly positioned, with almost three times fewer people in this category than Finland, and far below countries like Ireland or the Czech Republic.
2020 2025 2030
40% 60% 90%
% of individuals who have used the internet to use online public services (last 12 months)
Only Estonia and Finland are significantly better than Portugal. However, it makes sense to further strengthen Portugal’s lead in Europe.
2020 2025 2030
60% 75% 90%



Total expenditure on R&D as a function of GDP (GERD) - %
The recent drop in this indicator is worrying and it is essential to resume the earlier pace of growth.
2020 2025 2030
1.6% 0,02 2.6%
Business expenditure on R&D as a function of GDP (BERD) - %
This indicator also shows a setback in recent years that needs to be recovered.
2020 2025 2030
0,01 1.5% 0,02 


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